By Jarrid E. Blades
Once upon a time, the outcome of court proceedings were reported by a person swinging open the doors of the courthouse and announcing to the townspeople the verdict. Â We have come a long way from this form of communication.Â As long as we are connected to wireless or cell service, we can receive up-to-the-second updates during court proceedings.
By Tyler P. Hite
This summer the Supreme Court handed down a unanimous 9-0 decision invalidating Myriad Geneticsâ€™ patent of the human genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 found in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), but validating Myriadâ€™s genetic patents of synthetically created composite deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA). The Courtâ€™s reasoning hinged upon the fact that human genes found in DNA are â€œnaturally occurringâ€ and thus not eligible for patent, even though isolating human genes from DNA severs naturally occurring chemical bonds, thus altering but not re-creating anything new. cDNA, which the court deemed to be synthetically created from DNA by lab technicians, is created from naturally occurring DNA through a process which splits the DNA double helix and allows lab technicians to isolate specific genes for study, manipulation, and use. The Supreme Courtâ€™s decision allows for the patent of human genes that are deemed â€œnot naturally occurring,â€ even though â€œthe nucleotide sequence of cDNA is dictated by nature, not by the lab technician.â€
Starting in Fall 2013, the JOST Blog will be home to a new article every week from current members on current events in the world of science and technology law. Â If you are interested in being a guest blog author, you can contact our blog editor atÂ firstname.lastname@example.org